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红皮云杉营造技术

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红皮云杉营造技术

发布日期:2015-05-13 00:00 来源:http://zgyiyuan.com 点击:

    一、良种繁育


    一要选好茬口。红皮云杉播种地,以樟子松、落叶松茬为宜,对于这二种树种的留床茬,如作业面积小,调不开茬口,应大量施用有机肥和底肥,并要认真消毒;二要在播种前进行种子催芽处理。以雪藏处理最好,这样出苗快、出土齐,对各种灾害抵抗力强;三要适时播种。时间一般在当年5月的5-15日完成播种作业,并可根据土壤5厘米深处的地温稳定在8-10℃时播。需要满足三个条件:一是土壤肥沃结构好;二是播种后覆土材料最好是草炭土或腐熟马粪;三是及时灌水,否则应考虑遮荫。五要挑选一年生小苗换床、大苗上山。一年生小苗换床的好处是能保证换床作业质量,提高成活率,苗木营养空间均匀,密度适宜。用一年生小苗换床的播种苗,当年可不间苗,第二年全部换床,用同样数量的种子,可多得一倍以上的成苗,经济效益明显。


    二、防霜防寒


    GAISHUZHONGYEYAPENGDAHEXINSHENGZHANGJIESHENZHANJIAOWAN,YIBANBUSHOUSHUANGHAI。DANDUIWUYUEXIAXUNHUOLIUYUESHANGXUNCHUXIANDEWANSHUANGSHOUHAIYANZHONG,ZHEIGESHIQIWENDURUODADAO-2℃SHIMIAOMUSIWANGLVWEI24%,DADAO-4℃SHISIWANGLVWEI34%,DADAO-5℃SHISUIKECAIQUFANGDIWENCUOSHI,MIAOMUSIWANGLVZAI70%YISHANG。DUISHUANGDONG,YINGCAIQUZONGHEFANGZHICUOSHI。RUFANGYAN、GAICAO、FUSUMO、GUANSHUIDENG。


    三、立地条件选择


广东快乐十分走势图    GENJUHONGPIYUNSHANDESHENGWUXUETEXING,ZUIJIADELIDITIAOJIAN:YANGPO、BANYANGPO,PODUZAI8-12DU,TUCENGSHENHOU,HEITUCENGZAI20LIMIYISHANGPAISHUILIANGHAODEANZONGRANGDIKUAI,TEBIESHIZAIJIEFAJIDISHANG,ZHEIYANGDELIDITIAOJIANRENGONGLIN20NIANSHENGSHUGAOKEDA8MIYISHANG,TIAOJIANCHADEZHIYOU6MIZUOYOU。BUTONGLIDITIAOJIANQISHENGZHANGHEBAOCUNQINGKUANGYEBUYIYANG。


    四、整地


    ZHENGDIYIZAIQIANYINIANQIUJIJINXING。ZUIHAOZAI8-9LIANGGEYUEFEN,ZAIZHEIDUANSHIJIANNEI,YUSHUIJIAODUO,QIWENGAO,YOULIYUDIERNIANCHUNZHIMIAO。ZHENGDICAIQUMINGXUE,WEIDINGJIANGZAOLINCHUANGZAOTIAOJIAN。ZHENGDIGUIGE60×60×25LIMI。XIANCHANCHUCAOPI,DASUITUKUAI,JIANCHUZAWU,JIANGXUENEITURANGDUIYUXUEWAIBEICE。ZAICAOGENPANJIEHENQIANGPAISHUIBUCHANGDEDIDUAN,SHIXINGKUAIZHUANGZHUGAOTAIFANGFA,TAIGAO30-40LIMI,GUIGE1MI×2MI,CAIYONGZHISHENGZUZAOLIN。DUIJIEFAJIDI,PODUZAI25DUYIXIA,KEJINXINGDAIZHUANGZHENGDI。


    五、造林


    CHUNQIMIAOCHUNZAOLINSHIHONGPIYUNSHANGENGXINZAOLINQUDECHENGGONGDEZHONGYAOCUOSHI,YAOQIUCONGQIMIAODAOZAIZHIZUIDUOBUCHAOGUO2TIANWEIYI。SHANGSHANMIAOMUGUIGE,YAOXUANMIAOGAO25LIMIYISHANG,DIJING0.5LIMIYISHANG,ZHUGENZHANG15LIMIZUOYOU,CEGEN12TIAOYISHANG,MIAOSHENGZHANGJIANZHUANG、FAYULIANGHAO、DINGYABAOMAN、WUBINGCHONGHAIDEYOUZHIMIAOMU,SHANGSHANQIANYAOYANGEJIANYI。ZAIZHISHI,JIANGMIAOZAIYUXUEZHONGYANG、ZAIZHENG、FUZHI、GENXISHUZHAN、FENCENGPEITU、QINGTITASHI,ZHISHENGZUZAOLINYI3ZHUWEIYI。ZAOLINDECHUZHIMIDU,RUGUOMIBUJINTIGAOZHENGDI、MIAOMUFEIYONG,ERQIESHITOUGUANGFUYUHENFEIGONG,DIYICIJIANFABUCHENGCAI,JINGJISHANGBUHESUAN。CONGDUONIANSHIJIANKAN,MEIGONGQINGZHIMIAOZAI4400ZHUZUOYOUBIJIAOHELI。


    六、幼林抚育


    GENJUHONGPIYUNSHANDETEXING,YOUSHUXUYAOYIDINGGUANGZHAO,CAIQUFUYU5NIANJI2、3、2、2、1DEZUOFA。TEBIESHIZAOLINHOUDIYICIFUYUYOUWEIZHONGYAO,ZHONGDIANSHIPEITU、FUZHENG、TASHI、FUYUSHIQIEJICHANDONGXUEMIANTUHESHANGMIAO。DIYINIANFUYU,KUOXUE50LIMI,PEITUGUOMIAOMUDIJIJINGSHANG1-2LIMI,XIE20DUYISHANGDEMIAOMUYAOFUZHENG。DIERNIANZHUYAOSHICHUCAO、PEITU。DISANNIANCHUCAO、GEGUAN。DISINIANCHUQUFANGAIYOUSHUSHENGZHANGDECAOMUHUOGUANMU。DIWUNIANDAIZHUANGZUOYEQUANMIANCHUCAO、GE、KANQUJINGZHENGZHIWU,BAOLIUSANDAYINGKUO。YOUTIAOJIANDIQUHAIKESHIZHANGXIAOYOUJIFUHEFEI。


    七、透光抚育


    ZAIGUANGZHAOSHUIFENZHENGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,SHUGAOLIANNIANSHENGZHANGLIANGTONGCHANGWEI30LIMIYISHANG,BUZUCIBIAOZHUNSHIYINWEIGUANGZHAOBUZU,CHENGXIANYUNSHANSHUGUANPINGZHAN、SEZEANLV、ZHUGANXIRUO,ZHEIYANGBIXUJISHICAIQUTOUGUANGCUOSHI。TOUGUANGZAI5-15NIANNEIWANCHENG。FACHUSHANGCENGMU,JIEFANGXIACENG,YEKEJINXINGRENGONGZHENGZHI。


    八、生长抚育


    SHENGZHANGFUYUYIBANRENGONGLINCONGⅡGELINGJIKAISHI,HONGPIYUNSHAN15-20NIANNEIWANCHENGSHENGZHANGFUYU。ZHUYAOSHIDIAOZHENGLINFENJINGYINGMIDU,WEIBAOLIUMUCHUANGZAOZUISHIYIDEYINGYANGKONGJIAN,CUJINLINMUSHENGZHANGKUAI、GANXINGHAO,YIDADAOYOUZHIGAOCHAN。YUNSHANRENGONGLINJIANFAYINGTUIXINGDINGLIANGJIANFAJISHU,MIDUKEGENJULIDITIAOJIANHEJINGYINGSHUIPINGQUEDING。


    九、病虫害防治:常见的几种病害和防治方法。


    1、YUNSHANQIUGUOXIUBING。FANGZHIFANGFA:ZAIZHONGYUANFUJIN200MIYINEIPEN0.1% 2,4-DSHAMIEQIANGWEIKEZHIWUHECHOULIDENG。KANCHUYANZHONGBINGMU。CAIQIUGUOSHIYANGEXUANWUBINGMU。YINGZAOZHENKUOHUNJIAOLIN。


    2、YUNSHANHONGBANBING。FANGZHIFANGFA:MIAOPUZHOUWEIDEZHANGZISONGLINJIMIAOCHUANGSHANGDEYUNSHANMIAOYONG75%BAIJUNQING,CONG5YUEMOZHI7YUECHUPENYAO2CI,LIANXUFANG3NIAN,FANGZHIXIAOGUOLIANGHAO。


广东快乐十分走势图    3、YUNSHANHUIZHANDIAOWEIBING。LINFENMIDUGUODASHIGAIBINGFASHENGDEZHUYAOYOUFAYINSU。FANGZHIFANGFA:DUIRENGONGLINCAIQUQINGLIN、XIUZHI、TOUGUANGFADENGYINGLINCUOSHI,XIAOGUOBIJIAOHAO。


广东快乐十分走势图    HONGPIYUNSHANBIEMINGHUWEISONG、GAOLIYUNSHANDENG,WEISONGKEYUNSHANSHUCHANGLVQIAOMU。YUANCHANDONGBEIDIQUJICHAOXIANDENGDI,XIANBEIJINGJIQINGDAODIQUJUNYOUDALIANGZAIZHI,XIBEIDIQUYIYOUFENBU。GAISHUZHONGZITAIYOUMEI,SHUGUANCHENGJIANTAXING,DAZHIPINGZHANHUOSHAOXIESHEN;SHIYINGXINGQIANG,GENXIFENBUQIAN,CEGENFADA,YIZHIHOUJIAOYICHENGHUO。


    一、移植时间


广东快乐十分走势图    DASHUYIZHIYICHUNJIWEIZUIJIA。ZAIJISHUCUOSHIWANSHANDEQINGKUANGXIA,ZAI11YUEXIAXUNHE5YUEXIAXUNYIZHI,CHENGHUOLVJUNKEDA98%YISHANG。


    二、移植准备


广东快乐十分走势图    1.ZHONGZHIXUE,GENJUZHONGZHISHUMUTUQIUDEDAXIAO,ZAITUQIUCHICUNJICHUSHANGJIADASHUXUEZHIJING40ZHI100LIMI,SHENDUJIASHEN20ZHI40LIMI,ZHONGZHITUYIFUHANYOUJIZHIDEZHONGXING、WEISUANXINGTURANGWEIHAO,DUIBULIANGTUZHIYINGJINXINGGAILIANG。


    2.MIAOMUBIAOZHUN,XUANYONGZHIZHUJIANZHUANG、SHUXINGFENGMAN、WUBINGCHONGHAIHEJIXIESUNSHANGDEMIAOPUMIAOWEIHAO。


广东快乐十分走势图    3.JUEMIAOQIANYINGDUISHUGUANPENSAKANGZHENGTENGJI,YONGCAOSHENGJIANGSHUGUANSHIDANGKUNLONG。QINGCHUWUGENXIDEBIAOTUHEFUYE,YISHUGANWEIZHONGXIN,YIGANJINGDE4ZHI5BEIWEIBANJINGHUAYUAN,CONGXIANWAIXIANGXIACHUIZHIWAJUE,ZHIDAOTUQIUGAODUWEIZHI;YONGTIEXIANJIANGSHIQIUJIANBUXIUYUANHUA,DAOTUQIUGAODUDEYIBANNEIZHUJIANXIANGNEISHOUSUO,SHITUQIUCHENGBIANQIUXING;XIXIAOGENXIYONGLIXIANCHANDUAN,CUGENYAOYONGJU、JIAN,BIMIANZHENSANTUQIU。


广东快乐十分走势图    4.TUQIUQIHAOHOUYONGSHIXIANSHIRUNGUODECAOSHENGJINXINGCHANRAO、KUNZHA、BAOZHUANG,CHAODATUQIUKEYONGMUXIANGBAOZHUANG,DAIYUN。


    三、栽植


广东快乐十分走势图    1.ZAIQIANJINXINGZHONGZHITUHUITIAN,SHIZHONGJIANLVEGAOYUSIZHOU,HUITIANGAODUYISHITUQIUFANGRUHOUDIYUDIBIAO5LIMIWEIYI。


    2.ZAIZHI,JIANGMIAOMUTUQIUQINGQINGFANGRUSHUXUENEI,LIZHISHUBANDIAOZHENGHAOZHUYAOGUANSHANGMIAN,JIECHUBAOZHUANGHOUZAIDIAOZHENGHAOSHUTI,JIANGZHONGZHITUFENCENGHUITIANTASHI;LIHAOSHUMUZHICHENG。


广东快乐十分走势图    3.JIAOSHUI,ZAIZHIHOUYONGTUZUODANGSHUIYAN,DANGSHUIYANYAOZUGOUDABINGPAISHIYIFANGLOUSHUI。DINGZHIYIZHOUNEIJIAO3CITOUSHUI,DIYICIZAIZAIHOU24XIAOSHIYINEIJIAO。JIAOSHUIHOUJISHIJIANCHAZHICHENGQINGKUANG,FAXIANSHUMUWAIXIEHUOZHICHENGSONGDONGJISHIFUZHENGJIAGU。


    四、养护


    GENJUTIANQIQINGKUANGJITURANGSHIDUJISHIBUSHUI,SHENGXIAJIJIEYIZHIYINGJINXINGYEMIANJISHUI;DINGQIYEMIANZHUIFEI;FENGYUTIANQIYAOJISHIJIANCHA,FAXIANSHUMUWAIXIEHEZHICHENGSONGDONGSHIYAOJISHIFUZHENGJINXINGZHICHENGJIAGU;DINGQIPENSANONGYAOYUFANGBINGCHONGHAIDEFASHENG。



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