广东快乐十分走势图

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如何使银杏早花早果

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如何使银杏早花早果

发布日期:2015-05-13 00:00 来源:http://zgyiyuan.com 点击:

    一、拉枝 


    从银杏幼树期开始,对分枝角度小的植株通过拉枝开张角度,以缓和树势和分枝的生长势,促进成花。可于5月初将装有土的方便袋绑于直立枝条的先端梢部,土袋的重量根据树枝长势和拉枝要求确定,树枝越直立、枝条越粗,要求土袋越重,开张角度大的土袋也要求重。一般主枝拉成45-50度角,侧枝拉成55一60度角,非骨干性枝拉平。 


    二、刻伤 


    YONGDAOZAIDUANZHISHANGFANGHUOXIAFANGHENGQIEYIDAO,SHENDAMUZHIBU,MUDEZAIYUCUSHIDUANZHIDALIANGJILEIYANGFEN,JIASUCHENGHUA。DONGJIYINGZAIDUANZHIDESHANGFANGKESHANG,YIZUZHIXIABUYANGFENXIANGSHANGSHUSONG,SHIYANGFENJUJIZAIDUANZHICHU;XIAJIZEZAIDUANZHIDEXIAFANGKESHANG,YIZUZHISHANGBUYANGFENXIANGXIAYUNSHU,SHIYANGFENJUJIZAIDUANZHICHU,CUJINHUAYAXINGCHENG。

 

    三、环剥和环状倒贴皮 


    ZAIZHUZHIHUOCEZHIJIBUGUANGHUACHUYONGKANRENBOQUYIQUANPICENG,CUSHIHUANBOKOUSHANGBUZHIYEZHIZAODEYANGFENXIANGDUANZHIJUJI,KEXUNSUXINGCHENGHUAYA。ZHEIYIJISHUDEGUANJIAN:YISHIHUANBOSHIJIANYINGZAIHUAYAFENHUAQIAN,JIZAI5YUEXIAXUNZHI6YUESHANGZHONGXUNJINXING 。ER、SHIHUANBOKUANDUWEIZHITIAOHUANBOCHUZHIJINGDEl/10,JISHIHENCUDEZHITIAOHUANBOKUANDUYEXIAYINGCHAOGUO1.5LIMI;SANSHIQIEXUESHENDUDAMUZHIBU,DANBUNENGSHANGJIMUZHIBU;SISHIHUANBOKOUYAOPINGERZHI、GUANGHUA、JIEJING,QIEJIWURAN。HUANBOHOUYONGSULIAOBOMOYANMIBAOZHA,FANGZHIBINGCHONGGANRANSHANGBU,CUJINSHANGBUXUNSUYUHE。TOUNIANHUANBO,YINIANJIKEJIANXIAO。BIXUZHUYIDESHI,RUGUOSHIYONGBUDANGHUOCAOZUOBUYANGE,ZEHUIZAOCHENGHUANBOZHIKUSI。YINCI,CHUCICAIYONGZHEKEJIANGBOCHUDEPICENGFANZHUAN(SHANGXIADUANDAOZHUAN)ZAITIESHANGQU,CHENGWEIHUANBODAOTIEPI,CAOZUOYAOLINGYUHUANBOFAXIANGTONG,YEKEQUDEYUHUANBOTONGYANGDEXIAOGUO。

 

    四、环割 


广东快乐十分走势图    ZAISHUGANHUOZHU、CEZHIJIBUYONGLIRENHENGXIANGHUANGESHENDAMUZHIBU,ZAITONGYIBUWEIKELIANGE3——4QUAN,QUANYUQUANDEJULIWEI0.5LIMI。HUANGEDEQUEDIANSHIXULIANNIANJINXING(DIERNIANHUANGEHAIXUGENGHUANBUWEI),ZHIZHIXIAOGUOWENDING。 


广东快乐十分走势图    YINXINGJINXINGKONGZHANGCUHUACHULIBIXUZAIJIAJIEMIAOZAIZHI4NIANHOUHUOSHISHENGMIAOJIAJIE3NIANHOU,ZHIZHUCHOUSHENGDEZHANGZHICUZHUANGBINGNENGXINGCHENGDUANZHI,QIEZHUZHIYANZHANGTOUNIANSHENGZHANGLIANGDA50LIMIYISHANGCAIKEJINXING。

      

广东快乐十分走势图    YINXINGWEIYINXINGKEYINXINGSHUQIAOMU,CHANSHENGYUGUSHENGDAISHITANJIMOQI,BEIYUWEIZHIWU“HUOHUASHI”。QISHUZIXIONGWEI,YEXINGYOUMEI,SHOUMINGZHANG,SHAOBINGCHONGHAI,ZUISHIYIZUOXINGDAOSHU、TINGYINSHU,GUZHIFENGJINGSHU,JINJINIANBEICHENGSHILVHUAGUANGFANYUNYONG。 

 

广东快乐十分走势图    TONGGUOJINIANDEYINXINGZAIZHIGUANLI,BIZHEJILEILEYIXIEJINGYAN,ZONGJIERUXIAGONGTONGXINGJIAOLIUTANTAO。


    YINXINGZAIZHIHOUDEGUANLIHENZHONGYAO,JUTIYAOZHUYIJIDIAN:SHILIANGJIAOSHUI、SHIDANGSHIFEI、ZHENGXINGXIUJIANHEBINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI。


    一、适量浇水 


广东快乐十分走势图    ZHEISHIYINXINGZAIHOUZUIGUANJIANDEWENTI。CISHIDEJIAOSHUIZHIGUANZHONGYAO,SHUILIANGDAHUIDAOZHILANGEN,QUESHUIYOUHUIYINGXIANGMIAOMUSHENGZHANG。KEGENJUTIANQIQINGKUANG,HELIANPAIJIAOSHUI,JIAOZEJIAOTOU,FANGZHILANYAOSHUI、BIAOPISHUI,JIAOSHUIHOUHAIYAOZHUYISONGTUBAOSHANG。YINYUTIANSHAOJIAOHUOBUJIAOSHUI,BINGJISHIPAICHUJISHUI。


    二、适当施肥 


广东快乐十分走势图    YINXINGZAIZHICHENGHUOHOU,YAOGENJUMIAOMUDESHENGZHANGQINGKUANGHELIQUEDINGSHIFEILIANG。SHIFEIYIBANYIYOUJIFEILIAOWEIZHU,SHIDANGPEIHEZHUANLEIHUAXUEFEILIAO。SHIFEIFANGFAKEYIGOUSHI、XUESHI、SASHIDENG。


    三、整形修剪 


    YINXINGZAIZHI,YINGZHONGXIUJIAN。YINQISUOFAZHITIAOTEBIELUAN,SUOYIYAOYOUMUDEXIUJIAN,YOUQIDUIZHONGDIEZHI、ZHILIJIAOCHAZHI、HENGSHENGZHIYAOXIUJIANCHULI,BAOCHIYIDINGDESHUXING,SHIYINXINGGAODA、TINGBA、YUNCHENG、MEIGUAN。


    四、病虫害防治 


    YINXINGCHONGHAIZHUYAOYOUCIEHECHAOXIAOJUANYEEDENG,BINGHAIZHUYAOYOUGENFUBINGHEYEKUBING。GENXIBINGYIBANSHIYOUGENBUJISHUISUOZAOCHENG,YEKUBINGZHUYAOSHIQUEFEI、SHUSHISHUAIRUOSUOZAOCHENG,YUGAOWENYEYOUYIDINGGUANXI。GENJUBUTONGDEBINGCHONGHAI,YAOCAIQUZHENGQUEDECUOSHI。JIAQIANGFEISHUIGUANLI,YESHIFANGZHIBINGCHONGDEYOUXIAOTUJING。


    银杏习性


    YINXINGWEISHENGENXINGSHUZHONG,XIGUANG,NAIGANHAN,BUNAISHUILAO。DUIDAQIWURANYOUYIDINGDEKANGXING。QISHIYINGFANWEIGUANG,ZAINIANPINGJUNQIWEN10℃ZHI18℃,DONGJIJUEDUIQIWENZUIDIZAI-25℃YISHANG,NIANJIANGSHUILIANG400ZHI1200HAOMIDETIAOJIANXIASHENGZHANGLIANGHAO。DUITURANGDESHIYINGXINGYIQIANG,SUANXINGTU、ZHONGXINGTUHUOGAIZHITUJUNNENGSHENGZHANG。


广东快乐十分走势图    YINXINGSHIDIANXINGDEQIANGYANGXINGSHUZHONG,DUIGUANGZHAOYAOQIUYANGE,GUANGZHAOBUZU,DADUOHUICHUXIANSHENGZHANGBULIANG、ZHITIAOXIRUO,YEPIANBOERHUANG,YINGXIANGSHENGZHANGHEJIEGUO。


    栽植技术要点


广东快乐十分走势图    GENJUYINXINGDESHENGLIXIXINGJIBIZHEDUONIANDEJINGYAN,ZAIZHIYINXINGYAOZHANGWO“MIAOZHUANG、XUEDA、FEIZU、TUSHI、QIANZAI、SHUITOU”LIUFANGMIANYAODIAN。


    一、苗壮 栽植苗要粗壮,根系应完整,无病虫害,树干、根系无大损伤。随挖,随运,随栽,随浇,随管。目前,银杏苗木中间商很多,良莠不齐,有的把银杏大苗购来后,假植2至3个月未能出售。这种苗由于水分失去太多,栽植后很难恢复,出芽不齐,成活率极低。


    二、穴大 栽植穴要大,一般挖0.8至1米见方。如果苗木大,树穴要相应加大,一般掌握穴径是苗木胸径的15至20倍。


    三、肥足 栽植银杏时,穴中要施足基肥,最好是充分腐熟的有机农家肥。肥料与熟土充分拌匀后,施在穴的中部或中上部。之后放2 0至30厘米的熟土,以防根系直接接触肥料而烧根。无合适的肥料,不要勉强施用。农家肥必须经地堆沤、腐烂、发酵,充分腐熟后才能做基肥使用,化肥要少施。


    四、土实广东快乐十分走势图 栽植时,埋土一定要实,填一层土,踏实一层,层层踏实,使苗木根系与土壤密切结合。切记只能用脚踏实,不能夯实,以防伤根。第一遍透水浇完时,结合封坑,再踏实几次,以防根部透风,苗木倒伏。


    五、浅栽 栽植银杏时,浅栽尤为重要,这与银杏根系特点与发根温度有关。栽植深度大,地温上升慢,土壤透气性下降,湿度也大,对根系伤口愈合和发新根不利。浅栽后地温上升快,土壤通气性好,根系愈合早,发根快。


    六、水透 栽植后10至15天内,灌溉三遍透水,使穴内土壤和苗木根系密切结合。这样,植株根系能充分吸收水分,有利于苗木水分平衡,提高成活率。


相关标签:银杏

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